Judith Clifton

Infrastructure regulation: what works, why, and how do we know?

Public infrastructure services have been subject to dramatic regulatory reform since the 1980s in the European Union, particularly privatization, at the national level, and increased liberalization and deregulation, via the Single Market Programme. Despite this ambitious reform programme, there are signs that regulation is not always working. The Commission itself has recognised the limits of reform undertaken so far. Recently, it drew up a list of 23 sectors which were both crucial for economic growth and significantly "malfunctioning" in the Single Market.


World Scientific

Is Market-oriented reform Producing A “two-track” Europe? Evidence from Electricity and Telecommunications

ABSTRACT: The European Commission has formally recognized that adequate provision of basic household services, including energy, communications, water and transport, is key to ensuring equity, social cohesion and solidarity. Yet little research has been done on the impact of the reform of these services in this regard. This article offers an innovative way to explore such questions by analyzing and contrasting stated and revealed preferences on citizen satisfaction with and expenditure on two services, telecommunications and electricity, in two large countries, Spain and the UK.


Bestuurskunde; Public Administration




Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales
University of Cantabria
39005 Cantabria



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